migration than they gained. The winters are long and cold, with an average temperature in January of 16 F (27 C) at Yellowknife, on the northern shore of Great Slave Lake. Mackenzie Mountains in the west and southwest contain the highest and most-rugged relief in the territories; elevations reach 9,098 feet (2,773 metres) at an unnamed peak in the southwest near Mount Sir James MacBrien, itself 9,062 feet (2,762 metres) high. North and east of the timberline stretch the relatively barren grounds of the Arctic: reaches of flat, often poorly drained lowlands underlain by rock more than 1 billion years old in the east and more-varied terrain toward the west. It shares borders with two other territories: Yukon and Nunavut. Area 519,735 square miles (1,346,106 square km). The executive council is responsible for the overall direction of government policy in the territories and manages the legislative agenda of the territorial administration. Members of the assembly choose a speaker, a government leader (known locally as the premier and an executive council (cabinet whose members are appointed to various ministerial portfolios by the government leader. Throughout most of the 20th century, the territories constituted more than one-third of the area of Canada and reached almost from the eastern to the western extremities of the country, across the roof of the North American continent.
Government assistance in the development of major resources has been provided mainly in the form of roads, electric power facilities, mapping, and geologic services. Athletes from the Northwest Territories also regularly participate in the biennial Arctic Winter Games, in which athletes from northern regions around the world compete in a variety of modern and traditional games and sports. The southern part features a subarctic climate while the northern part has a polar climate. In the early 21st century, natural resource exploitation continued to influence the course of economic development in the Northwest Territories, with the energy and diamond-mining industries playing prominent roles. Some of its geological resources that are also mined here include gold, petroleum, diamonds and natural gases. Many species of valuable fur-bearing animals are found in the area, notably muskrat and beaver.
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Due to the size of the territory, there might be climactic differences depending on where you are located. Through July 15, high temperatures have been running 4F above July averages and the city has only seen 2 percent of its normal rainfall for the month. The Métis (people of mixed Indian and European ancestry) were granted legal recognition as a native group by the Canadian government in 2003. Unesco World Heritage Site. The pace of development slowed in the 1970s, in part because of growing opposition on the part of aboriginal groups to commercial exploitation of resources in the area. Electrical Adapters : 120 volts and 60 Hertz.
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People Population composition American Indians (First Nations) make up more than one-third of the territorial population and include the Dene and the Métis. Visa Required : The visa requirements for travel to Northwest Territories is the same with that of Canada. The territories are among the most sparsely populated habitable regions of the world. Interest in finding the route waned in the 18th century, but whaling ships became commonplace in the Arctic waters. Arctic Circle to incorporate numerous islands, the largest of which are. Smaller metal mining projects have been carried out at widely scattered sites, a few in the high Arctic regions. Moose, wolves, black and grizzly bears, and mountain sheep and goats also are native. They are distinct from the Dene in language and culture and generally live apart from them.
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police were made responsible for maintaining law and order and for providing whatever governmental administration was required in the area. Saskatchewan, Alberta, and, british Columbia to the south, and, yukon to the west. Modern forms of transportation and communication have done much to break down the isolation of life in the North, and contemporary North American popular culture is evident in most communities. Later, a series of expeditions attempted to reach the North Pole; such exploits continued into the 20th century but by then were overshadowed by more-practical activities directed at identifying the resource potential of the Canadian North. Expeditions in the 17th century also failed to find the route, but they added to knowledge of the Arctic regions. After a transitional period, Nunavut came into being on April 1, 1999.
Surface transportation for heavy freight is mainly by water. Perhaps not surprisingly then, the current Northwest Territories fires have been fueled by hot and dry weather. Mining replaced the fur trade as the most important industry in Mackenzie District in the 1930s. Another fifth of the labour force worked in public administration. Kenneth John Rea Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Baffin Bay investigated ice distribution in the region, and after World War II a Canadian expedition undertook complex investigations. For the past few weeks, dry and warm weather have fueled large forest fires across Canadas remote Northwest Territories. Health and education Missionaries provided nearly all the education and health care available in the territories until the 1950s, but since then both have become mainly government responsibilities. The creation in 1999 of the territory. The territorial government also gives financial assistance to contact sexe en alicante contacts sexe com
many students who pursue postsecondary education, either inside or outside the territories. You May Also Like, weather Disasters Have Cost the Globe.4 Trillion. At the beginning of the 21st century about half of the labour force was employed in various service industries. Gold has been mined at Yellowknife on the north shore of Great Slave Lake since the late 1930s. International Drivers License Accepted? All legislation is technically subject to the assent of the commissioner, but the commissioners role is mainly ceremonial. This fact, Nunavut Nunavut, vast territory of northern Canada that stretches across most of the Canadian Arctic. In addition to Yellowknife, the main towns are Hay River, Fort Smith, and Inuvik ; all are in the Mackenzie area. Some even have local television stations that originate programs for distribution in the territories. Economy The economy of the territories depends on the exploitation of natural resources. The Mackenzie delta and Beaufort Sea areas also have substantial oil and gas reserves. Responsibility for the mainland territories that drain into Hudson Bay, known as Ruperts Land, was vested in the Hudsons Bay Company.
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